STDs, know the basics

Very often people with Chlamydia or Gonorrhea don't have physical signs of the disease. The only way to know is by getting checked!

You can get a STD from vaginal, anal, or oral sex. You can also contract some of them, e.g. trichomoniasis, through contact with damp or moist objects such as towels, wet clothing, or toilet seats, although it is more commonly spread by sexual contact. STDs include just about every kind of infection. Bacterial STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Viral STDs include HIV, genital herpes, genital warts (HPV), and hepatitis B. Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite.

The germs that cause STDs hide in semen, blood, vaginal secretions, and sometimes saliva. Most of the organisms are spread by vaginal, anal, or oral sex, but some, such as those that cause genital herpes and genital warts, may be spread through skin contact. You can get hepatitis B by sharing personal items, such as toothbrushes or razors, with someone who has it.

The most common STDs are Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. The numbers keep raising year after year. It is very important to get checked, since STDs might have a huge impact in your health and fertility.


Chlamydia, or more specifically the chlamydia infection, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.

Most people who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop which can take a few weeks following sexual contact, they might include:

  • pain or burning while peeing
  • pain during sex
  • lower belly pain
  • abnormal vaginal discharge
  • bleeding between periods
  • pus or a watery/milky discharge from the penis
  • swollen or tender testicles
  • pain, discharge and/or bleeding around the anus


Gonorrhea is an infection caused by a sexually transmitted bacterium that can infect both males and females. Gonorrhea most often affects the urethra, rectum or throat. In females, gonorrhea can also infect the cervix.

Gonorrhea symptoms might include:       

  • increased vaginal discharge
  • painful urination
  • vaginal bleeding between periods
  • abnormal vaginal discharge
  • painful intercourse
  • abdominal or pelvic pain
  • pus-like discharge from the tip of the penis
  • pain or swelling in one testicle

Stay safe, get tested!

Treatment for STDs usually depends on the infection. However, the most common is antibiotics. Often in a single dose, can cure many sexually transmitted bacterial and parasitic infections, including gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis.

Important! When testing for Chlamydia or Gonorrhea, you should wait 14 days after the risky sexual contact to take the sample.

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